The literal which implies of phrase Hajj is “to set out” or “to make pilgrimage”. In Shariah, Hajj refers again to the annual pilgrimage of Muslims to Makkah to hold out certain non secular rites in accordance with the teachings and methods prescribed by Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Hajj occurs during the last month of Islamic calendar, from eighth to 12th Dhu al-Hijjah.
The origin of Hajj dates once more to 2000 BC and plenty of the Hajj rites come immediately from the lifetime of Hazrat Ibrahim/Abraham (AS). As an illustration, the ceremony of Sa’i when Muslim pilgrims run/stroll between the hills of Safa and Marwa seven situations is the re-enactment of Hajra’s distressed search for water for her toddler son, Ismail (AS), when every of them have been deserted by Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) in a barren valley on the orders of Allah SWT. Hajra was the second partner of Hazrat Ibrahim (AS). To quench her son’s thirst, Hajra ran backwards and forwards between Safa and Marwa to hunt out water. It is said that the angel Jibril (Gabriel), on Allah’s order, touched all the way in which right down to earth and created a spring of latest water for the kid. This spring, often known as Zamzam, nonetheless runs in Makkah.
Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) was a extremely righteous and pious man. Although his father, Aazar, was a well known idol sculptor and a polytheist, Ibrahim (AS) denied his father’s religion and believed throughout the oneness of God. He was chosen as a prophet and devoted his complete life to Allah SWT. He was given the title of “Khalilullah” (buddy of Allah).
His son Ismail (AS), like his father, was sturdy in faith. Allah SWT examined their loyalty when He ordered Ibrahim (AS) to sacrifice his beloved youthful son, Ismail (AS), throughout the determine of Allah. SubhanAllah, take a look on the extent of faith and notion of the daddy and son, when Ibrahim (AS) suggested his son about what he dreamt, Ismail (AS) was immediately ready to adjust to Allah’s orders. Nonetheless Allah SWT positioned a ram instead of Ismail (AS), as a result of the notion all one of the best ways was to guage the allegiance of Ibrahim (AS). Allah felicitated Ibrahim as He says throughout the Quran [37:104-105]:
“We often known as to him, ‘O Abraham, You would have fulfilled the imaginative and prescient.’Definitely, We thus reward the doers of positive.”
To commemorate this good sacrifice and the readiness to carry out Allah’s bidding, Muslims in every single place on the planet have enjoyable “Eid Al-Adha” on the end of the Hajj pilgrimage.
Allah SWT ordained Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) to assemble the Ka’aba -the dwelling of Allah, alongside collectively together with his son, Ismail (AS) as Allah mentions throughout the Quran:
“And [mention, O Muhammad], when We designated for Abraham the situation of the Residence, [saying], “Do not affiliate one thing with Me and purify My Residence for a lot of who perform Tawaf and people who stand [in prayer] and people who bow and prostrate.” [Surah al-Hajj: 26-27]
It is spherical this Ka’aba that the pilgrims perform the ritual of Tawaf, which entails circling the Ka’aba seven situations in counter-clockwise course.
After performing Tawaf, Muslims go to the Station of Ibrahim (Maqam e Ibrahim) to want two nafl prayer rakahs, after which drink water from the sacred Successfully of Zamzam, sooner than persevering with to the next ritual of the Hajj, the S’ai. Station of Ibrahim is the determine of the stone on which Sayyidna Ibrahim (AS) stood whereas setting up the Ka’aba. It was one among many miracles of Ibrahim (AS) that this stone grew to grow to be easy and his ft sank into it, forming an impression on it which can nonetheless be seen, SubhanAllah!
“Ramy al-Jamrat” (Stoning of the Satan), one different obligatory ritual of Hajj, moreover pertains to an essential event in Ibrahim (AS) life. Pilgrims perform Ramy al-Jamrat by casting stones at three pillars. These three pillars are said to be located on the three areas the place Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) was tempted by Satan when he was going to sacrifice his son, Ismail (AS), as demanded by Allah SWT. The pilgrims ought to hit each pillar not lower than seven situations with the pebbles they’ve picked up in Muzdalifah. The notion behind this ceremony is to level out defiance of the Devil/Satan.
On the ninth day of Dhu al-Hijjah, pilgrims make their methodology atop the hill, Mount Arafat or in every other case known as ‘Jabal Al Rahmah’, the hill of forgiveness. Pilgrims acquire on the plain of Arafat and work together themselves in Zikr, prayers and Quran recitation. That is referred to as “Wuquf” and regarded as a result of the highlight of Hajj. The significance of Mount Arafat is that it is the web site the place Prophet Muhammad (SAW) delivered his well-known Farewell Sermon (Khutbah Hajjatul Wida) to the Muslims who had accompanied him for the Hajj in path of the highest of his life. It was on Jabal al Rahmah the place Adam and Hawa (Eve) have been reunited and forgiven by Almighty Allah and it is on this comparable plain the place all folks will acquire in entrance of Allah SWT on the Day of Judgment.
Each ceremony of Hajj has a historic previous and a lesson associated to it. Realizing the accounts behind these rituals will enable the pilgrims to hold out Hajj with a heightened diploma of zeal and earnestness, insha’Allah.
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